The Origin Of Switzerland And Enamel

Enamel craftsmen in Geneva have had a distinguished reputation since the 19th century, and they specialize in ‘micro-painted enamel’. Watchmakers across Europe turned to Geneva to customize their enamel pieces. In order to provide enamel painters with greater creative space, the diameter of clocks is also getting larger and larger, usually 50 to 60 millimeters in size, and the flat and smooth case looks like an open canvas, allowing painters to paint at will The beautiful scenery of Blois, France in the 16th century. Generally speaking, the picture occupies the entire case, and only a circle of lace with the same color metal and a circle of pearls are set on the outermost edge. The most popular patterns are love scenes in myths and legends, historical themes, legends, lakes and mountains in the Alps, and colorful bouquets that will always be loved by customers.

   Because of the different styles of painters, the styles of the works are different, and the application of colors is arbitrary, and there is no certain rule. Red, purple, orange, green and so on. But few artists paint with large monotonous colors. The general pattern design refers to the ‘golden section’. In the first 25 years of the nineteenth century, the number of enamel painters who had lived in Geneva for many years reached its peak, with a total of more than two hundred. But the most famous and most popular is undoubtedly Jean-Louis Richter (1766-1841). His specialty is the extremely expensive ‘cigarette case’ -shaped flat music decorated with elegant scenery Zhong, the other is Jean-François Victor Dupont (1785-1863), his level with the former is only between Zhong Bo, the master is portraiture, especially for many Watchmakers have made portraits together. Both have numerous watchmaker clients in the UK, France and other continental European countries.

   Until 1830, Geneva maintained the prestigious reputation of ‘Europe’s enamel shrine’. Among them, ‘landscape’ and ‘bouquet’ were as flourishing as before, but portraits were separated by some famous French or British genius artists Light. But the main enamel painters in Europe are still deeply attracted by the hospitable folks in Geneva, and they are still reluctant to stay in the scenery by the lake Geneva. The most famous of these are Gaspard Lamunière (1810-1865), Charles-Louis François Glardon (1825-1887), and Rudolph Bea Cover (Rodolphe Piguet, 1840-1915) and so on. Groups of famous enamel artists emerged endlessly in Geneva in the 19th century, such as Henry Le Grand Roy (1851-1914), Frank-Edward Rossi (Frank-Edouard Lossier (1852-1925), Louis-Elie Millenet (1852-1933). Because the ‘enamel’ community they formed formed a climax of fresh ‘enamel art’, the masters and craftsmen produced a large number of works, and there are still an amazing number of outstanding masterpieces preserved in the ‘Musee and Enamel Museum’ in Geneva (Musée de l’horlogerie et de l’émaillerie).
   Since the twentieth century, in the world, hand-made watchmaking and enamel painting techniques have been completely preserved in Geneva, Switzerland. stand by. A considerable number of enamel masters became famous here, some of them left in Switzerland to lead or host many important watch schools, such as Jean-Henri Demole (1879-1930) and Schmid -Berthe Schmidt-Allard, the two jointly launched an enamel painting class at the La Chaux-de-Fond Fine Arts School in 1890 to advance and develop this art. And as a visiting professor, Louis-Elie Millenet traveled between Paris and Geneva between 1890 and 1891 to promote the development of this art and to gain political and economic up and down in Geneva. Highly regarded by the world’s big men and watchmakers. Some of their students are included in local history for their outstanding contributions, such as: Louis Reguin (1872-1948), Walther Stucki (1896-1987), and Edouard Vuillomenet Albert Kocher. Among them, Albert Coucher became the principal of the school in 1906. The students of the school participated in the World Expo in Milan, Italy with a set of ‘new decoration’ style cases, and won the honorary award of the exhibition.

   In the second half of the twentieth century, only a few enamel painters, Kiel, persisted in the fine traditions of the old Geneva enamel masters. In particular, Mr. Charles Poluzzi (1899-1978), who has always worked for the Vacheron Constantin brand, of course, his work is only for the special needs of a few customers. Today, the work of very few enamel painters is only produced by collectors, and this need was much wider in the past. Most of the works now produced are reproductions of famous paintings by European masters of the seventeenth or eighteenth century according to customer requirements. (Text / picture watch home think time)